Every year, thousands of people suffer from foodborne illness, usually involving severe diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramps, as a result of eating or drinking contaminated or poisonous food. Many attacks of unreported and it is estimated that one person in fifty will be affected annually (EHIS). Some of these, especially the very young, the elderly or the infirm will die.
The cost of food poisoning can be high, not only to the country through working days lost, but also to employers and employee engaged in food handling. The owners of premises implicated in food poisoning will lose business and employees may lose their jobs. Food handlers who contravene food legislation may prosecute and an outbreak of food poisoning could cost firms responsible thousands of dollars in damage.
Food hygiene is non- ignorable part of a Healthy life. It involves protecting food from risk of contamination, including harmful bacteria, poisons and foreign bodies.
Hygienic food is most essential for Children to receive all nutrients and energy needed to grow and develop at a healthy rate. Hygienic and safe food lower risk for developing health problems during childhood, like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, etc.
Children who eat healthy and get regular physical activity are:
1. At lower risk of developing a chronic disease, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes & cancer.
2. Less likely to become overweight or obese.
Epidemiological surveillance has demonstrated a constant increase in the prevalence of foodborne illness. Moreover, there have been some devastating outbreaks of salmonellosis, cholera, enterohaemorrhagic, Escherichia coli infections, hepatitis A and other diseases in both developed and developing countries.